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2017/2018  BA-BISHO2002U  Risk Management

English Title
Risk Management

Course information

Language English
Course ECTS 7.5 ECTS
Type Mandatory
Level Bachelor
Duration One Quarter
Start time of the course Autumn, Second Quarter
Timetable Course schedule will be posted at calendar.cbs.dk
Study board
Study Board for BSc in International Shipping and Trade
Course coordinator
  • Ken L. Bechmann - Department of Finance (FI)
Main academic disciplines
  • Finance
  • Economics
Last updated on 14-12-2017

Relevant links

Learning objectives
To achieve the grade 12, students should meet the following learning objectives with no or only minor mistakes or errors: At the end of the course, the students must be able to
  • Describe the main sources of risk in the shipping industry
  • Discuss how risk is identified, measured, reported and managed
  • Discuss the role of risk management in value creation
  • Define the financial hedging instruments that are available for shipping firms
  • Discuss and analyze hedging strategies relevant for shipping firm
Risk Management:
Exam ECTS 7,5
Examination form Written sit-in exam on CBS' computers
Individual or group exam Individual exam
Assignment type Written assignment
Duration 4 hours
Grading scale 7-step scale
Examiner(s) Internal examiner and external examiner
Exam period Winter and Winter
Aids Open book: all written and electronic aids, including internet access
Make-up exam/re-exam Oral exam based on written product
In order to participate in the oral exam, the written product must be handed in before the oral exam; by the set deadline. The grade is based on an overall assessment of the written product and the individual oral performance.
Size of written product: Max. 10 pages
Assignment type: Case based assignment
Duration: 20 min. per student, including examiners' discussion of grade, and informing plus explaining the grade
Preparation time: No preparation
Examiner(s): If it is an internal examination, there will be a second internal examiner at the re-exam.
Course content and structure


The uncertainty involved in ownership and operation of ships has become quite important in recent years as stakes are higher for owners, operators and investors. Agents in the shipping industry face risk from the international and competitive environment in which they operate. Risk emanate from fluctuations in e.g. freight rates, bunker prices, or ship prices as well from the choice of contract during ship operation, finance and credit terms.
The course will start with identifying the main sources of risk relevant for the shipping industry. Measuring of risk through various risk measures, including the commonly used Value-at-Risk, will be introduced and finally, possible hedging instruments including a range of different derivatives are introduced and their use in different hedging strategies will be covered.
The course builds on prerequisites from Maritime Economics, Maritime Law, Statistics and Corporate Finance.
Teaching methods
The course will consist of usual lectures, exercises, and case analyses and discussions. The exercises will integrate Excel as a very useful tool in risk management for example in calculating risk measures and in analyzing different hedging strategies. The cases will illustrate the practical applications of the theory focusing on the shipping industry. It is assumed that students participate actively in the lectures – and especially in these case analyses and discussions.
Feedback during the teaching period
Feedback will be given in class for group work
Student workload
lecture 42 hours
preparation 164 hours
Expected literature

The curriculum will be uploaded prior to the course on LEARN but will most likely be:

  • Chapters in Alizadeh, Amir H. and Nikos K. Nomikos: Shipping Derivatives and Risk Management, Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.
  • Chapters in Martin Stopford: Maritime Economics, Routledge, 2009
  • Chapters in Philippe Jorion: Value- at Risk, McGraw-Hill, 2007
  • Various research articles (theoretical and empirical)
  • Cases
  • Other readings like newspaper articles and articles for practitioners
Last updated on 14-12-2017