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2021/2022  BA-BHAAI1097U  An Introduction to Social Entrepreneurship

English Title
An Introduction to Social Entrepreneurship

Course information

Language English
Course ECTS 7.5 ECTS
Type Elective
Level Bachelor
Duration Summer
Start time of the course Summer
Timetable Course schedule will be posted at calendar.cbs.dk
Max. participants 100
Study board
Study Board for BSc in Economics and Business Administration
Course coordinator
  • Anne-Karen Hüske - Department of Management, Society and Communication (MSC)
  • Kai Hockerts - Department of Management, Society and Communication (MSC)
For academic questions related to the course, please contact the course coordinator Anne-Karen Hueske (ahu.msc@cbs.dk) or Kai Hockerts (kho.msc@cbs.dk).
Main academic disciplines
  • CSR and sustainability
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Innovation
Teaching methods
  • Blended learning
Last updated on 01/12/2021

Relevant links

Learning objectives
You are expected to apply the theories introduced in this course to the analysis of your social entrepreneurship problem. Specifically you should be able to:
  • Classify definitions for social entrepreneurship at various levels of analysis and discuss how these differ in terms of their impact change generation.
  • Enumerate the antecedents of social entrepreneurial intentions and how and why they affect intentions formation.
  • Apply the notion of antagonistic assets and discuss the process through which they can be turned into social entrepreneurship opportunities with an earned income potential.
  • Describe the different organizational forms available for social enterprises and argue for which form is most appropriate for your social enterprise idea (and why).
  • Identify different tools to measure the social impact of social entrepreneurship and evaluate which best suits to your group’s idea.
An Introduction to Social Entrepreneurship:
Exam ECTS 7.5
Examination form Home assignment - written product
Individual or group exam Individual exam
Size of written product Max. 15 pages
Assignment type Written assignment
Duration Written product to be submitted on specified date and time.
Grading scale 7-point grading scale
Examiner(s) One internal examiner
Exam period Summer and Summer
Make-up exam/re-exam
Same examination form as the ordinary exam
The 1st and 2nd retake is a 72-hour, maximum 10-pages home assignment.
Description of the exam procedure

Your exam task will be to carry out a critical analysis of your teamwork experience. You are expected to reflect both on the result (social enterprise idea) as well as the process (your teamwork experience). You are expected to refer to readings from the class syllabus as well as find additional literature on your own to support your findings.

Course content, structure and pedagogical approach

This course introduces students to organizational social entrepreneurship, a process by which opportunities to create public goods are identified and created. Being an “essentially contested concept” (Choi and Majumdar, 2014) social entrepreneurship is best understood as a cluster concept covering different applications ranging from the launching of social enterprise start-ups to the transformation of industry sectors towards sustainability. In the course we will analyze the antecedents of social entrepreneurship. An essential part of the course will be an introduction to core concepts of social entrepreneurship such as the theory of change, social impact measurement tools, and hybrid organizational form selection. To suplement academic learning with handson project experience students will work in teams on a specific social entrepreneurship problem. 

Description of the teaching methods
Lectures, case discussions, and group work. In addition to the daily class teaching sessions, supplementary lectures will also be available as online videos for asynchronous viewing.
Feedback during the teaching period
The course will be held in one of the CBS Studios and in cooperation with the Copenhagen School of Entrepreneurship (CSE). Both these learning spaces are designed for active and student-centered learning. During your teamwork you give feedback to your peers and receive mentoring from your peers as well as from the faculty.
Student workload
Class preparation (e.g. readings) 66 hours
Optional online lectures available via Coursera 16 hours
Site visits to social enterprises 8 hours
Teamwork 30 hours
Lectures 38 hours
Examination (take-home exam) 48 hours
Further Information

Short 3 weeks course that cannot be combined with any other course


This is an Aurorarized course initiated by Aurora (see cbs.dk/aurora for more information).


Preliminary Assignment:

A generic test/assignment will be developed concerning “Nordic Nine”. It will be uploaded on Canvas at the end of May. Students are expected to access this assignment before classes begin. The assignment will not be reviewed in classes.


Course and exam timetable is/will be available on https://www.cbs.dk/uddannelse/international-summer-university-programme-isup/courses-and-exams


We reserve the right to cancel the course if we do not get enough applications. This will be communicated on https://www.cbs.dk/uddannelse/international-summer-university-programme-isup/courses-and-exams in start March.



Expected literature

Literature recommendations (for up-date see Canvas during preparation time):

Defourny, Jacques, and Marthe Nyssens. 2010. “Conceptions of Social Enterprise and Social Entrepreneurship in Europe and the United States: Convergences and Divergences,” in: Journal of Social Entrepreneurship Vol 1 (No1): 32-53.  

Choi, Nia, and Satyajit Majumdar. 2014. "Social entrepreneurship as an essentially contested concept: Opening a new avenue for systematic future research." Journal of Business Venturing 29(3): 363-376.  

Drayton, W. 2002. The Citizen Sector: Becoming as Entrepreneurial and Competitive as Business California Management Review, 44(3): 120-132.  

Hockerts K 2015. “Determinants of Social Entrepreneurial Intentions,” Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, forthcoming 2017.  

Hockerts K. 2015.”How Hybrid Organizations Turn Antagonistic Assets into Complementarities,” California Management Review, 57(3): 83-106, 2015.  

Drucker, Peter, 1989: What Business Can Learn from Nonprofits. Harvard Business Review, Jul/Aug89, Vol. 67 (4): 88-93.  

De Vericourt, Francis, and Miguel Sousa Lobo. "Resource and revenue management in nonprofit operations." Operations research 57.5 (2009): 1114-1128.  

Yunus, M. 1998. Poverty Alleviation: Is Economics Any Help? Lessons from the Grameen Bank Experience. Journal of International Affairs, 52: 47-65.  

Thompson, J; MacMillan, I, 2010: “Business Models: Creating New Markets and Societal Wealth”, Long Range Planning, 43(2-3): 291-307.  

Chen, Ming-Jer. "Competitor analysis and interfirm rivalry: Toward a theoretical integration." Academy of management review 21.1 (1996): 100-134.  

Popov, Evgenii V., Anna Yu Veretennikova, and Kseniya M. Kozinskaya. "Financial tools to develop social entrepreneurship." Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast 12.5 (2019): 91-108.  

Villela, Malu, Sergio Bulgacov, and Glenn Morgan. "B Corp certification and its impact on organizations over time." Journal of Business Ethics 170.2 (2021): 343-357.  

Bugg-Levine, Antony; Emerson, J. "Impact investing: Transforming how we make money while making a difference." Innovations 6.3 (2011): 9-18.    

Rawhouser, Hans, Michael Cummings, and Scott L. Newbert. "Social impact measurement: Current approaches and future directions for social entrepreneurship research." Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice 43.1 (2019): 82-115.  

Symon, Gillian, and Rebecca Whiting. "The sociomaterial negotiation of social entrepreneurs’ meaningful work." Journal of Management Studies 56.3 (2019): 655-684.  

Honig, Benson. "Entrepreneurship education: toward a model of contin¬gency-based business planning." Academy of Management Learning & Education 3.3 (2004): 258-273.  

Tuukka Toivonen (2016) What is the Social Innovation Community? Conceptualizing an Emergent Collaborative Organization, Journal of Social Entrepreneurship, 7:1, 49-73.   

Last updated on 01/12/2021