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2021/2022  KAN-CIMMO1074U  International Management – Emerging Perspectives

English Title
International Management – Emerging Perspectives

Course information

Language English
Course ECTS 7.5 ECTS
Type Mandatory
Level Full Degree Master
Duration One Semester
Start time of the course Autumn
Timetable Course schedule will be posted at calendar.cbs.dk
Study board
Study Board for MSc in Economics and Business Administration
Course coordinator
  • Peter Holdt Christensen - Department of Management, Politics and Philosophy (MPP)
Main academic disciplines
  • Management
  • Organisation
  • Organisational behaviour
Teaching methods
  • Blended learning
Last updated on 21-01-2022

Relevant links

Learning objectives
  • Demonstrate a thorough and contemporary understanding of how work is being organized and managed.
  • Apply relevant syllabus literature to explain how and why transforming an input to an organizational output pose management challenges.
  • Apply relevant syllabus literature to analyze how specific management challenges can be handled.
  • Apply relevant syllabus literature to give specific advice on how to manage both inherent and emerging management challenges.
  • Critically discuss – across relevant parts of the syllabus – the challenges and possibilities of managing in an international and contemporary context.
Prerequisites for registering for the exam (activities during the teaching period)
Number of compulsory activities which must be approved (see section 13 of the Programme Regulations): 1
Compulsory home assignments
The students will work with cases similar to the exam for the two compulsory assignments.

The evaluation of the two assignments is either fail or pass. Students must get one of the two compulsory assignments approved to be able to participate in the exam.

Students will not have extra opportunities to get the required number of compulsory activities approved prior to the ordinary exam. If a student has not received approval of the required number of compulsory activities, the student cannot participate in the ordinary exam.

If a student prior to the retake is still missing approval for the required number of compulsory activities and meets the pre-conditions set out in the program regulations, an extra assignment is possible.

The extra assignment is a 10-page home assignment that will cover the required number of compulsory activities. If approved, the student will be able to attend retake.
International Management - Emerging Perspectives:
Exam ECTS 7,5
Examination form Written sit-in exam on CBS' computers
Individual or group exam Individual exam
Assignment type Case based assignment
Duration 4 hours
Grading scale 7-point grading scale
Examiner(s) One internal examiner
Exam period Winter
Aids Open book: all written and electronic aids, including internet access
Read more here about which exam aids the students are allowed to bring and will be given access to : Exam aids and IT application package
Make-up exam/re-exam Home assignment - written product
Size of written product: Please see text below
Assignment type: Case based assignment
Duration: Written product to be submitted on specified date and time.
Description of the exam procedure

Re-take exam:


Home assignment with no max on pages. Students have 4 hours to complete the assignment. 


If the number of registered candidates for the make-up examination/re-take examination warrants that it may most appropriately be held as an oral examination, the programme office will inform the students that the make-up examination/re-take examination will be held as an oral examination instead.

Course content, structure and pedagogical approach

In the course we explore the complexities, challenges and possibilities of practicing management in an international context. That is, the aims of the course are to analyze and highlight the managerial implications in transforming an input to an organizational output and provide an elaborated and contemporary understanding of how work is being organized and managed.


Overall, the course consists of three themes: 1. The history and evolution of management thinking, practices and contexts, 2. Inherent challenges in management, and 3. Contemporary and emergent challenges in management.


First, we explore basic definitions and understandings of international management, and how the managerial context has changed – or is about to change – into a new world of work relying on, for instance, knowledge workers and a gig economy dominated by free agents and precarious work. 


Second, we focus on what may be termed traditional or inherent management challenges. Specifically, we explore five subthemes: a. creativity, b. disappointment, c. motivation, d. silos and structures, and e. social loafing. Altogether, the subthemes represent generic challenges in running organizations, and discussing and elaborating on each of the subthemes enable us to both understand how and why they pose challenges, and how to best manage these challenges. 


Third, we discuss and elaborate on contemporary and emergent challenges in international management. By exploring five subthemes – a. boundaryless work, b. digitalization, c. distances, d. knowledge sharing, and e. purpose – we become better at both understanding today’s management challenges, and how to best manage them.


As such, the course explores perspectives from both organization theory and organization behavior to understand (in a world of constantly changing contexts) internal organizational structures and processes and their managerial challenges, implications, and possibilities. The course provides a thorough understanding of the complexities of managing internationally (and contemporarily) and thereby also aims at improving students’ abilities to analyze and practice management.

Description of the teaching methods
The course consists of 30 sessions, and is a mix of large classes, online (pre-recorded) classes, and exercise classes.

6 sessions are in large classes, 18 sessions are pre-recorded online sessions, and 6 sessions are in exercise classes.
Feedback during the teaching period
The students have the possibility to practice for the exam during the semester in two assignments and will receive short feedback on these assignments.
Student workload
Class participation 30 hours
Preparation for classes 90 hours
Exam 86 hours
Expected literature

Indicative literature (all articles are digitally available through CBS Library):


Theme 1. The history and evolution of management thinking, practices and contexts.

Adler, P.S. & Borys, B. (1996). Two types of bureaucracy: Enabling and coercive. Administrative Science Quarterly, 41: 61-89.

Ashford, S.J., B.B. Caza & Reid, E.M. (2018). From surviving to thriving in the gig economy: A research agenda for individuals in the new world of work. Research in Organizational Behavior, 38: 23-41.

Eldor, L. (2021). Leading by doing: Does leading by example impact productivity and service quality? Academy of Management Journal, 64 (2): 458-481.

Langfred, C.W. & Rockmann, K.W. (2016). The push and pull of autonomy: The tension between individual autonomy and organizational control in knowledge work. Group & Organization Management, 41 (5): 629-657.


Theme 2. Inherent challenges in management.

Clancy, A., Vince, R. & Gabriel, Y. (2012). That unwanted feeling: A psychodynamic study of disappointment in organizations. British Journal of Management, 23: 518-531.

Deci, E.L., A.H. Olafsen & Ryan, R.M. (2017). Self-determination theory in work organizations: The state of a science. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior, 4: 19-43.

Early, P.C. (1989). Social loafing and collectivism: A comparison of the United States and the People’s Republic of China. Administrative Science Quarterly, 34: 565-581.

Latané, B., Willians, K. & Harkins, S. (1979). Many hands make light the work: The causes and consequences of social loafing. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37 (6): 822-832.

Liden, R.C., Wayne, S.J., Jaworski, R.A & Bennett, N. (2004). Social loafing: A field investigation. Journal of Management, 30 (2): 285-304.

Yuan, F. & R.W. Woodman (2021). The multiple ways of behaving creatively in the workplace: A typology and model. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 42: 20-33.


Theme 3. Contemporary and emergent challenges in management.

Claggert, J.I. & Karahanna, E. (2018). Unpacking the structure of coordination mechanisms and the role of relational coordination in an era of digitally mediated work processes. Academy of Management Review, 43 (4): 704-722.

Elsbach, K.D., Cable, D.M. & Sherman, J.W. (2012). How passive ‘face time’ affects perceptions of employees: Evidence of spontaneous trait inference. Human Relations, 63 (6): 735-760.

Gagné, M., A.W. Tian, C. Soo, B. Zhang, K.S. Benhamin & Hosszu, K. (2019). Different motivations for knowledge sharing and hiding: The role of motivating work design. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 40: 783-799.

Gratton, L. (2021). How to do hybrid right. Harvard Business Review, 99 (3): 66-74.

Hinds, P. J. & Cramton, C.D. (2014). Situated coworker familiarity: How site visits transform relationships among distributed workers. Organization Science, 25 (3): 794-814.

Kane, A.A. (2010). Unlocking knowledge transfer potential: Knowledge demonstrability and superordinate social identity. Organization Science, 21 (3): 643-660.

Mazmanian, M., W.J. Orlokowski & Yates, J. (2013). The autonomy paradox: The implications of mobile email devices for knowledge professionals. Organization Science, 24 (5): 1337-1357.

Quinn, R.E. & Thakor, A.V. (2018). Creating a purpose-driven organization. Harvard Business Review, 96 (4): 78-85.

Last updated on 21-01-2022