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2022/2023  KAN-CCBDO1005U  Entrepreneurship for Development

English Title
Entrepreneurship for Development

Course information

Language English
Course ECTS 7.5 ECTS
Type Mandatory (also offered as elective)
Level Full Degree Master
Duration One Semester
Start time of the course Spring
Timetable Course schedule will be posted at calendar.cbs.dk
Study board
Study Board for BSc and MSc in Business, Language and Culture, MSc
Course coordinator
  • Thilde Langevang - Department of Management, Society and Communication (MSC)
Main academic disciplines
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Globalisation and international business
  • Innovation
Teaching methods
  • Face-to-face teaching
Last updated on 29-06-2022

Relevant links

Learning objectives
  • Describe, compare and critically discuss theories and concepts that address the particular challenges and opportunities for entrepreneurship in developing countries
  • Apply relevant concepts and theories to concrete cases of entrepreneurship in developing countries
  • Use relevant tools and methods to formulate a concept for a venture that contributes to development
Course prerequisites
Relevant Bachelor degree (e.g. Economics, Business Administration, Anthropology, Sociology, Development Studies).
Entrepreneurship for Development:
Exam ECTS 7,5
Examination form Home assignment - written product
Individual or group exam Individual exam
Size of written product Max. 10 pages
Assignment type Written assignment
Duration Written product to be submitted on specified date and time.
Grading scale 7-point grading scale
Examiner(s) Internal examiner and external examiner
Exam period Summer
Make-up exam/re-exam
Same examination form as the ordinary exam
Course content, structure and pedagogical approach

Entrepreneurship is increasingly recognized as playing a key role in economic growth and poverty alleviation, and the rapidly growing markets of developing countries are often portrayed as booming with unexploited opportunities for entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurs in developing countries are, however, often faced with a range of challenges related to difficult business environments with many institutional voids, resource constraints, and widespread poverty. While such challenges often act as barriers to business start-up and growth, resource scarcity and uncertain institutional contexts may also create opportunities for entrepreneurship. Accordingly new forms of entrepreneurship, which seek to bring solutions to poverty, environmental degradation, and institutional voids, are gaining salience. While such initiatives are diverse and span for-profit, non-profit and hybrid organizations, a common element is that they employ business principles to generate social, environmental and/or institutional change.


The course “Entrepreneurship for Development” examines the opportunities and challenges for entrepreneurship in developing countries in Africa, Latin America and Asia. The course examines different theoretical approaches to entrepreneurship and scrutinizes different forms of entrepreneurship (such as entrepreneurship in the informal economy, social entrepreneurship, entrepreneurship with the Base of the Pyramid (BoP), sustainability entrepreneurship, digitial entrepreneurship and institutional entrepreneurship). The course examines the relationship between entrepreneurship and development and critically scrutinizes if and how entrepreneurship can contribute to sustainable economic growth and poverty reduction. The course directs attention to the influence of the institutional, economic and cultural environment for entrepreneurship levels, opportunities and strategies, and scrutinizes how business models are adapted to the particular contexts of their operation.  


First, students will be introduced to theoretical perspectives on entrepreneurship and will unravel the links between entrepreneurship and development. Second, students will examine different forms of entrepreneurship and will scrutinize different concrete entrepreneurship cases and business models. Finally, students will generate their own ideas and will formulate a concept for a venture in a developing country.


Description of the teaching methods
The teaching will comprise lectures, case discussions, resource person presentations (e.g. entrepreneurs and representatives from organizations that support entrepreneurs) and workshops, which include developing a business concept.
Feedback during the teaching period
Students will receive oral feedback to the business models, which they will present in writing (using the business model canvas) as well as orally (pitching).

Student feedback will also occur regularly throughout the course, e.g. via feedback to case questions and exercises during lectures and workshops. The lecturer will also be available for a one-to-one dialogue during office hours as well as during breaks and following each lecture session.
Student workload
Lectures 36 hours
Exam and preparation 170 hours
Total 206 hours
Expected literature

To be announced on Canvas, but most likely:



  • Bizri, R.M. (2017) Refugee-entrepreneurship: a social capital perspective, Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 29:9-10: 847-868 (22 pages).
  • Brännback, M. Lång, S., Carsrud A. and Terjesen, S. (2014) Cross-cultural studies in entrepreneurship: a note on culture and language, In: Carsrud, A. and  Brännback, M. (Eds) Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Entrepreneurship and Small Business. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Pub, p. 156-73.
  • Chmielewski, D. A., Dembek, K., & Beckett, J. R. (2020). ‘Business Unusual’: Building BoP 3.0. Journal of Business Ethics, 161(1), 211-229.

  • Dees, J. G., & Anderson, B. B. (2006). Framing a theory of social entrepreneurship: Building on two schools of practice and thought. Research on social entrepreneurship: Understanding and contributing to an emerging field, 1(3), 39-66.
  • Dolan, C., Johnstone-Louis, M., & Scott, L. (2012). Shampoo, saris and SIM cards: seeking entrepreneurial futures at the bottom of the pyramid. Gender & Development, 20(1), 33-47
  • Gough, K. V., Langevang, T., & Namatovu, R. (2014). Researching entrepreneurship in low-income settlements: the strengths and challenges of participatory methods. Environment and Urbanization, 26(1), 297-311.
  • Imas, J. M., Wilson, N., & Weston, A. (2012). Barefoot entrepreneurs. Organization, 19(5), 563-585.

  • Khavul, S and Bruton, G.D. (2013): Harnessing innovation for change: sustainability and poverty in developing countries, Journal of Management Studies 50(2): 285-306.
  • Krämer , A., Tewes-Gradl and Knobloch, C. (2015) Participatory market research for BoP innovation in: Cañeque and Hart, S.L. Base of the Pyramid 3.0. pp. 46-58. Sheffield: Greenleaf Publishing.
  • Langevang, T., Hansen, M. W., & Rutashobya, L. K: (2018). Navigating institutional complexities: The response strategies of Tanzanian female entrepreneurs. International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, 10(4), 224-242.

  • Lindvert, M., Patel P.C & Wincent J. (2017) Struggling with social capital: Pakistani women micro entrepreneurs’ challenges in acquiring resources, Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 29:7-8, 759-790.
  •  Maclean, K. (2010) Capitalizing on women’s social capital? Women-targeted Microfinance in Bolivia, Development and Change 41(3): 495–515 (21 pages).
  • Mair, J. and Marti, I. (2009): Entrepreneurship in and around institutional voids: a case study from Bangladesh, Journal of Business Venturing 24: 419-435. 
  • Friederici, N., Wahome, M. and Graham, M. (2020): Digital Entrepreneurship in Africa. Cambridge: MIT Press
  • Panum, K. and Hansen, M.W. (2014): Successful social enterprises in Africa: Case studies of six social enterprises in Kenya, CBDS Working Paper Series Working Paper No. 02.
  • Read, S., Sarasvathy, S., Dew, N., Wiltbank, R. and Ohlsson, A.-V. (2011) Effectual entrepreneurship. London: Routledge.
  • Sutter, C., Bruton, G. D., & Chen, J. (2019). Entrepreneurship as a solution to extreme poverty: A review and future research directions. Journal of Business Venturing, 34(1), 197-214. 
  • Thompson, N., Kiefer, K. and York, J.G. (2011): Distinctions not dichotomies: exploring social, sustainable and environmental entrepreneurship, Social and Sustainable Entrepreneurship 13: 201-229.
  • Tracey, P. and Phillips, N. (2011): Entrepreneurship in emerging markets: strategies for new venture creation in uncertain institutional contexts, Management International Review 51:23–39.  
  • Xavier, S. R., Kelley, D., Kew, J., Herrington, M., & Vorderwülbecke, A. (2013). Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) 2012 Global Report.
  • Zott, C., Amit, R. and Lorenzo, M. (2011): The business model: recent developments and future research. Journal of Management 37.4: 1019-1042.


Last updated on 29-06-2022