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2023/2024  BA-BHAAI1110U  Banking and Financial Institutions

English Title
Banking and Financial Institutions

Course information

Language English
Course ECTS 7.5 ECTS
Type Elective
Level Bachelor
Duration Summer
Start time of the course Summer
Timetable Course schedule will be posted at calendar.cbs.dk
Min. participants 30
Max. participants 100
Study board
Study Board for BSc in Economics and Business Administration
Course coordinator
  • Carsten Sørensen - Department of Finance (FI)
For academic questions related to the course, please contact course instructor Gregory Perelman (gperelman@ucdavis.edu)
Main academic disciplines
  • Finance
Teaching methods
  • Face-to-face teaching
Last updated on 22-11-2023

Relevant links

Learning objectives
To achieve the grade 12, students should meet the following learning objectives with no or only minor mistakes or errors:
  • Explain how Central Banks conduct monetary policy under regular economic conditions and their expanded role during economic crises (financial crisis of 2008-2009 and pandemic of 2020)
  • Calculate interest rates on traditional banking products by applying cost/plus framework
  • Calculate key financial ratios based on bank financial statements
  • Analyze business models of newly formed companies in financial services industry and estimate their value
  • Examine the impact of product innovation and regulation in financial services industry
Course prerequisites
Introductory accounting course required.
Introductory finance management course is strongly recommended.
Banking and Financial Institutions:
Exam ECTS 7,5
Examination form Written sit-in exam on CBS' computers
Individual or group exam Individual exam
Assignment type Written assignment
Duration 4 hours
Grading scale 7-point grading scale
Examiner(s) One internal examiner
Exam period Summer
Aids Open book: all written and electronic aids, including internet access
Read more here about which exam aids the students are allowed to bring and will be given access to : Exam aids and IT application package
Make-up exam/re-exam
Same examination form as the ordinary exam
The number of registered candidates for the make-up examination/re-take examination may warrant that it most appropriately be held as an oral examination. The programme office will inform the students if the make-up examination/re-take examination instead is held as an oral examination including a second examiner or external examiner.
1st retake exam: 4 hour written sit-in exam, new exam question.
Course content, structure and pedagogical approach

This course will analyze the main functions of banks and other financial institutions and review recent developments in the financial services industry. We will examine the functions performed by incumbent players in the following segments: extension of credit to businesses and consumers, payment processing, money management, investment banking and securities trading; attention will then turn to new industry players - those companies that are using digital technologies and big data to disrupt traditional players’ business models. Potential market size, product pricing and profitability of the new players will be evaluated.
It is assumed that students have good working knowledge of the basic theoretical and practical concepts of economics, accounting, and finance. The course is intended not only for those interested in careers within financial institutions, but also for those who wish to extend their institutional and industry specific knowledge.


Preliminary assignment:

Submit Entry Quiz - checking on basic accounting and finance knowledge; answer key and solutions will be provided; view video on central banking and provide summary;
Class 1: Financial institutions and their functions
Class 2: History of the U.S. banking industry; Case: The U.S. Banking Panic of 1933 and Federal Deposit Insurance
Class 3: Central Banking - Federal Reserve System; Monetary Policy and Its Tools;
Class 4: Measuring financial performance of financial intermediaries; Bank capital requirements;
Class 5: Traditional lending and product pricing; Case: Santa Fe Trading Company;
Class 6: Innovations in lending and alternative finance; Case: Lending Club;
Feedback activity: Sample midterm exam with answer key and solutions provided; midterm will be in the same format as the final examination;
Class 7: Payment function: from the bill of exchange to Visa/MasterCard to Bitcoin
Class 8: Investment and money management; Case: Betting on Failure: Profiting from Defaults on Subprime Mortgages
Class 9: Review of insurance industry;
Class 10: Review of investment banking industry; Case: The Tip of the Iceberg: JP Morgan Chase and Bear Stearns
Class 11: Regulation of financial industry in the post-crisis period

Description of the teaching methods
Lectures, case discussion, in-class exercises.
Feedback during the teaching period
Midterm, similar in format to the final exam, will be offered; answer key and solutions provided.
Student workload
Preliminary assignments 20 hours
Classroom attendance 33 hours
Preparation 126 hours
Feedback activity 7 hours
Examination 20 hours
Further Information

6-week course.


Preliminary Assignment:

The Nordic Nine pre-courses is foundational for the summer university and identical for all bachelor courses. Students will receive an invitation with all details by the end of May. The assignment has two parts. 1.) online lectures and tutorials that student can access at their own time and 2.) one synchronous workshop which will be offered both online and in-person at several dates and times before the official start of the summer university courses. Sign-up is first come first serve. All students are expected to complete this assignment before classes begin.


Expected literature


Mandatory readings

Lecture Notes:

will be posted on Canvas

1. The U.S. Banking Panic of 1933 and Federal Deposit Insurance (HBS Case #9-799-077: Rev. January 23, 2008).
2. Santa Fe Trading Company (link on class website)
3. Lending Club: Time to Join? (HBS Case #9-214-046), November 14, 2014
4. Betting on Failure: Profiting from Defaults on Subprime Mortgages (Case KEL880), Jan. 5, 2015
5. The Tip of the Iceberg: JP Morgan Chase and Bear Stearns (A), Nov. 21, 2011


1. HBS #9-291-026 Note on Bank Loans, Rev. October 29, 1993
2. HBS#9-902-168: History of Investment Banking, January 16, 2002
3. HBS #9-311-012: Note on the Insurance Industry, July 26, 2010
Cases and background notes can be purchased at Harvard Business Publishing: https:/​/​hbsp.harvard.edu/​import/​1096724


Additional relevant readings:

The following articles are available at the Bank of England web site:

  • Money in the modern economy: an introduction. By Michael McLeay, Amar Radian and Ryland Thomas. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin, 2014 Q1
  • Money creation in the modern economy. By Michael McLeay, Amar Radia and Ryland Thomas. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin, 2014 Q1
  • Innovations in payment technologies and the emergence of digital currencies. By Robleh Ali, John Barrdear, Roger Clews and James Southgate Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin, 2014 Q3
  • The economics of digital currencies. By Robleh Ali, John Barrdear, Roger Clews and James Southgate. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin, 2014 Q3
  • Insurance and financial stability. By Andrea French and Mathieu Vital, Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin, 2015 Q3
  • Investment banking: linkages to the real economy and the financial system. By Kushal Balluck, Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin, 2015 Q1
  • Stress testing of banks: an introduction. By Kleran Dent and Ben Westwood. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin, 2016 Q3
  • Bank capital and liquidity. By Marc Farag and Damian Harland. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin, 2013 Q3
Last updated on 22-11-2023